Health informatics (also medical informatics, biomedical informatics, clinical informatics, medical computing, medical computer science, computer medicine, medical electronic data processing, medical automatic data processing, medical information processing, medical information science, medical software engineering, medical computer technology) is the intersection of information science, medicine and health care. It deals with the resources, devices and methods required to optimize the acquisition, storage, retrieval and use of information in health and biomedicine. Health informatics tools include not only computers but also clinical guidelines, formal medical terminologies, and information and communication systems.
Informatics is derived from the term ”information science”, which is the collection, classification, storage, and retrieval and dissemination of recorded knowledge treated both as a pure and applied science. When applied to a specific domain, such as medicine, nursing or dentistry, information science becomes “informatics”.
Subdomains of (bio)medical or health care informatics include:
- Health informatics
- Nursing informatics
- Imaging informatics
- Consumer health informatics
- Public Health Informatics
- Dental informatics
- Medical laboratory informatics
- Quality Informatics
- Clinical Social Work Informatics
- Clinical research informatics