Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)

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Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) is a part of the United States Department of Health & Human Services. It was originally founded in 1946 to combat malaria[1], but the CDC exists today as a group of federally funded centers, offices, and institutes with a broader mission. The CDC partners with governmental and non-governmental organizations within the United States, and other governments and organizations around the globe to promote systematic research into health issues and to provide leadership around the application of this knowledge to population-based public health.

The CDC focuses on “five strategic areas: supporting state and local health departments, improving global health, implementing measures to decrease leading causes of death, strengthening surveillance and epidemiology, and reforming health policies.”[2]

Standardized data collection and secondary use of clinical data create a foundation for the CDC’s research, surveillance, epidemiology, prevention, and health policy activities.

Lzukowsk 15:38, 9 March 2013 (PST)

National Electronic Disease Surveillance System (NEDSS)

NEDSS is an initiative that promotes the use of data and information system standards to advance the development of efficient, integrated, and interoperable surveillance systems at federal, state, and local levels. [[3]]

National HealthCare Safety Network System]

PHIN is an Internet-based system to collect patient data on measures of health care quality. [[4]]

Public Health Monitoring

Most pubic health surveillance and monitoring systems, either directly or indirectly, get some data from clinical care activities. These data are used to facilitate public health surveillance through the timely and efficient transfer and processing of appropriate public health, laboratory, and clinical care data. Vital statistics systems also at times get data that originate in other places in the health system.

Clinically Oriented National Center for Health Care Statistics (NCHS) Monitoring

National Health Care surveys provide a picture of how health care is delivered in the U.S. by collecting data from hospitals, emergency and outpatient departments, ambulatory surgery centers, nursing homes, office-based physicians, home health agencies, hospices, and others on a periodic basis. These surveys address measurement of diagnosis and treatment, characteristics of health care providers, trends in use of services, characteristics of patients, patterns of disease, use of drugs and other treatments, and emergence of alternative care sites.

Public Health Preparedness Systems

- Preparedness activities such as early event detection, quantification of outbreak or event magnitude, localization of an event, investigation of event etiology, the management of possible cases, the laboratory confirmation of true cases, the tracing of communicable disease contacts, the administration of vaccines, prophylaxis, and isolation all potentially interact with clinical-care data and systems. The PHIN standards have been requirements of the CDC and HRSA preparedness supplements to help see that the over 2 billion in preparedness funds that have gone to state and local health departments and hospitals can meet these information exchange goals.


EPI-X is the CDCs Web-based communications solution for public health professionals. Through EPI-X, CDC officials, state and local health departments, poison control centers, and other public health professionals can access and share preliminary health surveillance information quickly and securely. Users can also be actively notified of breaking health events as they occur. Key features of EPI-X include scientific and editorial support, controlled user access, digital credentials and authentication, rapid outbreak reporting, peer-to-peer consultation, and CDC-assisted coordination of investigations. [EPI-X]