Children's Electronic Health Record Format
A number of Pediatric EHR functions are unique, such as support for neonatal medicine, congenital syndromes and defects, the use of growth charts, and tracking developmental progress. Many EHR functions such as weight-based dosing and immunization record keeping are used in adult medicine, but without the frequency and importance that they have in pediatrics. On the whole, EHR software development has not emphasized these functions. This may be due in part to the relatively small market share of pediatric medicine, and a slow uptake of EHR by the specialty.
In the 1990s the informatics efforts of the American Academy of Pediatrics gathered steam. Many pediatric implications for the EHR were recognized with reports around patient privacy, adolescent confidentiality, and the patient-centered medical home. Interest in the EHR’s ability to improve patient safety increased with the 2000 publication by the Institute of Medicine title to To Err Is Human (cite). In 2001 the ideal qualities of a good pediatric electronic health record were described in detail by the American Academy of Pediatrics (cite). Spooner later prioritized this list of qualities in 2007 in the paper Special requirements of electronic health record systems in pediatrics. The 2000’s were marked by studies on the benefits and costs of pediatric clinical information systems such as Computerized Provider Order Entry.
CHIPRA and the model Children's EHR Format of 2009 to 2013
The Children’s Health Insurance Program Reauthorization Act (CHIPRA) was passed by US Congress in 2009 and it included a program to enhance pediatric Electronic Health Records. The Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) partnered with the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) starting that year and included representatives from the American Academy of Pediatrics, Vanderbilt University, and RTI International.