A Clinical dashboard or quality dashboard display data relating the real-time condition of a patient cohort or the status of performance indicators in a visually concise and usable interface. Dashboards are used for clinical decision support or to otherwise improve healthcare quality, efficiency, and safety.
A clinical dashboard often summarizes information from an associated electronic health record (EHR) into aggregate metrics, such as performance or quality indicators, to provide feedback to clinicians and managers at the point of decision making.
History and Terminology
Dashboards were developed in the business sector as a way to "summarize and integrate key performance information across an organization into a visual display as a way of informing operational decision making". 
The terms "registry" and "dashboard" are often used interchangeably in the literature. However, the term "clinical data registry" is usually in reference to viewing a retrospective patient cohort for the purposes of research or quality improvement. The data collected by a registry can have multiple sources, providing information about a patient's longitudinal care. The information is not necessarily displayed with an interface intending on real-time decision making.
Clinical dashboards provide point-of-care feedback to administrators, physicians, nurses, pharmacists, and other ancillary staff.
End-Users of Dashboards
Use Cases and Examples
Benefits of clinical dashboard utilization
Unintended consequences of clinical dashboard utilization
- Dowding D, Randell R, Gardner P, et al. Dashboards for improving patient care: review of the literature. Int J Med Inf. 2015;84(2):87-100.